The Botanical Garden of Palmetum is located next to Santa Cruz, overlooking the sea from a small mountain. This mountain is an old dump converted into gardens that walk paths and streams, with lakes and waterfalls next to which is the most important collection of palms of Europe. It is also considered the largest collection of tropical palm trees in the world. It is a botanical garden that occupies 120,000 m2, especially dedicated to the family of palm trees.
It has not been easy to find the Palmetum for some absent-minded travelers driving through the crazy traffic of Santa Cruz. After several carambolas through avenues and roundabouts, we got there and it turns out that it was closed.
It seems that they only open four hours a day and over schedule with split. Once the lesson is learned, the next day we introduce ourselves to the opening hour. With the entrance they give us a flat and immediately an elevator takes us to the high part of the gardens. Already past 11 in the morning, we are in the Canaries and in midsummer. We are going to spend some heat, but we can see that it was worth it.
Around the world 2,400 species of palm trees are known. Of these the Palmetum has about 400 species that are increasing. This includes palm trees of all kinds and all kinds of habitats. We can see desert palms and others that live in the humid jungle; besides the palm trees with the typical size of the tree, there are shrubs, climbers and also those that grow in the water.
The palm trees belong to the family of Palmáceas. There are other plants that are not palm trees, but they have a similar appearance, like the Cicadáceas and the arborescent ferns. The palms are monocotyledons. Unlike trees, which are dicotyledons, their trunk does not grow thicker over the years, they are only able to grow to the top. They do not therefore have inner rings that help to calculate the age and the rings that we see out of their trunks are just the marks that leave the fallen leaves.